Family Cyprinidae (Minnows and Carps)

Family Cyprinidae

Minnows and carps


The numbers of species present in the family Cyprinidae is very large compared to the other families. There are more than 22,000 species worldwide. This family of inland water fishes is distributed in Africa, Asia, Europe and North America.

The fishes from the family Cyprnidae have single gill openings on each side, pelvic fin abdominal. Body is generally compressed, the abdomen rounded or sharp edge. Body has scales (exceptional case Sawbwa resplenden). Cyprinids have no teeth in the jaws, but they have pharyngeal jaws and teeth. Most of the ornamental fishes come from this family Cyprinidae. The specie of the genera, Danio, Rasbora, Microrasbora, Garra, etc. are small and intermediate sizes, colorful, and lively in the tank, and thus very popular in the ornamental fish market in the world.

Barilius barila Hamilton, 1822

Field pictured by Britz

The fish is distributed in India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar. The maximum length is 10 cm total length. No critical water quality is needed to keep. However the abundant oxygen is essential.

Barilius dogarsinghi Hora, 1921

Pictured by Chory Heng Wah

Chela laubuca (Hamilton, 1822)

Cyprinus intha (Annandalei, 1918)

Cyprinus intha is endemic species of Inle Lake. It is stable food for Intha. The maximum size is 45 cm total length. The water quality to keep this fish is hard and slightly alkaline.

Danio albolineatus

Danio choprei Hora, 1928

Hein Aquarium rediscovered the fish in 2000. It is pretty fish and became popular aquarium fish in the World market. The total length of fish is 4 cm. To keep the fish water quality is not critical. In aqua landscaping tank with thick aquatic plants favors the beautiful color of fish.

Danio erythromicron (Annandale, 1918)

Danio freegradei Hora, 1937

Danio kyathit Fang, 1998

Fang Fang, Swedish ichthyologist, discovered and identified the fish as Danio kyathit in 1998. The fish is endemic in Northern Myanmar. Its inhabitat is small streams, ponds and lakes of Ayeyarwaddy River basins. The total length is 4 – 5 cm. There are two types of Danio kyathit viz. Spotted Danio kyathit and Striped Danio kyathit. The Kyathit is Myanmar word which means “Leopard”.

Danio margritatus (Robert, 2007)

The fish is commonly known as “Galaxy”, scientific name is Danio margritatus. The maximum size is 4 cm total length. The water quality to keep the fish is not critical but better to keep in water of pH, 7.4 and conductivity is 250 micro seimen. The fish was popular as aquarium fish since in 2007. It is suitable for both community tank and species tank with aquatic plant.

Danio tinwini Kullander & Fang, 2009

Danio tinwini was discovered by Hein Aquarium in 2003 and exported as TW 02 and commonly popular as Golden Ring Burmese Danio. The fish was identified by Kullander and Fang in 2009. The scientific name was giver after Tin Win, mManaging Director of Hein Aquarium. The maximum size is 4 cm total length.

Danionella dracula Britz, 2009

Danionella mirifica Britz 2003

Devario auropurpureus (Annandale, 1918)

Devario shanensis Hora, 1928

Devario sondhii (Hora & Mukerji, 1934)

Garra gravely (Annandalei, 1918)

Garra flavatra Kullander & Fang, 2004

Garra poecilura Kullander & Fang, 2004

Pictured by Rainer Hoyers

Labeo calbasu (Himilton, 1822)

Microdevario kubotai Kottelat & Witte, 1999

Microdevario nana Kottelat & Witte, 1999

Pethei padamya (Kullander & Britz, 2007)

Pethei stoliczkanus (Day, 1869)

Pethei erythromycter (Kullander, 2008)

Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton, 1822)

Rasbora rasbora (Hamilton, 1822)

Systomus binduchitra (Hora, 1937)

Sawbwa resplendens Annandale, 1918

Psilorhynchus gokkyi Conway & Britz, 2010

Psilorhynchus piperatus Conway & Britz, 2010